The Extramundane Blog


Here you'll find hot takes and essays that I was too lazy to put into a video form. Or just generally useful stuff (I hope).

A Full, Comprehensive Guide to RSS/Atom


We got a lot of ground to cover so let's get straight into this. If you want to know more about RSS, read my blog post about RSS.

Choose an RSS Reader.

This is your fist step. There are many RSS readers out there, but I have only used so many. In general, I recommend Newsboat if you are familiar in general with CLI programs. If not, then Liferea is a good choice. This is assuming you are using GNU+Linux of course. For Android you can use spaRSS.

Another recommendation in QuiteRSS, which does work on Windows and Mac, and NewsBlur seems to be a decent choice for iOS fans. While I don't like these operating systems, I'd rather people get on the RSS train now rather than later.

As for what not to use, please do not use Feedly or anything proprietary. That is the one thing I would recommend not to do. RSS was built off of open source projects, and if it's too succeed, it needs to stay that way. I could give you lots of reasons why it's better to have things open source, but I'm just going to assume that you know already or don't care.

If none of these suit your purposes for some reason, I would recommend looking for something on


One of the best ways off the bat to get into RSS is to use RSS-Bridge, which is a webapp that can run on servers. Basically, you make your own (or use someone else's) RSS-Bridge which will create RSS/Atom links for you. Hooray!

As of the time of writing, it isn't flawless (the facebook bridge is pretty dead), but it's been good for many things for me, including Bandcamp, GOG, Gitea, Soundcloud, and more!

That being said, should I list an official (or better) method below, I highly recommend you use that instead. While RSS-bridge is very useful, it's been prone to bugs and generally speaking, individual sites' RSS feeds are more optimized to show their content in general. It's also nice not to have to rely on a middle-man's server which could go down randomly without you knowing it.

Blogs and Podcasts: Look for Signs

Blogs and Podcasts are immediately some of the most likely candidates to have an RSS feed. Usually, this is found somewhere by looking for the RSS logo on the website. However, it's worth noting that most blogs/podcasts already have an RSS feed built in. I've encountered this with nearly every one I've seen, even if the logo is nowhere to be found. If you want to know how you can find it, refer to the end section of this article about Raw HTML.

Forums (Imageboards, Simple Machines Forums, etc.)

Typically, older forums will have some sort of RSS functionality so that you can parse the index of a board or topic very easily. The RSS link is typically at the bottom of the page, listed in the FAQ, or may have that handy RSS logo. If you can't find it, I encourage you to refer to the end section of this article about Raw HTML.


I used to use a feed at until I figured out that Odysee had their own. The format is as follows:$/rss/@[USERNAME]/[#]

The [USERNAME] and [#] parts are subject to change, based on what the URL of the channel is. For example, my Odysee channels URL is, thus the corresponding RSS feed would be$/rss/@the_extramundane/1 (with [USERNAME] being what comes after the @ symbol and [#] being the number/letter after the colon.)

This method provides a stream link and parses ALL of the description of the video right in the convenience of your RSS Reader.


If you want to see the latest commits for a Github or Gitlab project, then just follow the template below:[USERNAME]/[REPO]/commits/master.atom

For example,, where theExtramundane is [USERNAME], and is [REPO]. If you want releases, then go ahead and type in "releases" instead of "commits" in the URL.

If you just want to follow a particular user's activity, then simply type in[USER].atom, where [USER] is the username of a Github account.

There is also an option to get a "private feed", which can be done by logging into your Github account and scrolling to the bottom of your dashboard. This feed gives you events from people you follow with your Github account and repositories you watch (or star). Since this is obviously very dependent on an account-by-account basis, it goes without saying you can't use this method without having a Github account of some kind.

All of what I've described here should work with Gitlab as well, with obviously being changed to

Instagram (via Bibliogram)

Like most social medias sites, Instagram has no native RSS support of any sort. However, there are alternative means for such things. Introducing...


How does it work? Well, simply put, Bibliogram is something you can run a server (or you can use someone else's site) in order to access Instagram accounts through a different "front-end". It's basically an Instagram proxy, and better yet, it has Atom feeds. All you have to do is enter the username of the person you want to subscribe to in the search bar, and then click on the button where it says "Atom" on it in big letters.

You can find a list of instances here. Make sure that you pick an instance (i.e. "site") that has feeds enabled.


Well I don't exactly know what you want from Reddit but ok. Regarding Reddit, there are actually a surprising amount of options. Reddit has actually kept a lot of RSS support for nearly every facet of their site. Most of it boils down to having a specific format appended with /.rss. For example, to get the frontpage of Reddit (🤮), simply type in

However, assuming you are a decent human being who does not browse the front page of Reddit, you probably just want to follow a select subreddit or two. Here's a few ways how:

For an RSS feed of a subreddit with the "hot" sort order:[SUBREDDIT]/.rss

For an RSS feed of a subreddit with a preferred sort order (E.g. "new", "rising", "controversial", etc.):[SUBREDDIT]/[SORT-ORDER]/.rss?sort=[SORT-ORDER]

You can even see specific user submissions by using their username:[USERNAME]/submitted/.rss

There's even an option to look at new comments in a single post on a subreddit, in case you need to keep up with a pinned/slow post:[SUBREDDIT]/comments/[SIX-CHARACTER-POST-ID]/.rss

That character ID is in the URL of the post, so just look out for what looks like a bunch of random letters and/or numbers in between two slashes

Even more?

Yes, there are even more ways to use RSS feeds for Reddit, but for brevity's sake (and because someone else already made it,) I'll just link to the article right here. If that link ever goes down then I'll post a mirror of it on my site.

Twitter (via Nitter)

I know that many a person would like to remove themselves from Twitter without missing the good stuff. Fortunately, there is a solution, much similar to Bibliogram, called Nitter, an alternative front-end to Twitter, which has RSS feeds. Simply go to a profile and you like and look for the RSS button in the top corner, as shown in the video below.

Alternatively, you can use this format as guide if you want a more manual approach:


The [DOMAIN-NAME] is just the domain of the instance you'd like to use. For example, the official instance is, so if I wanted to follow @NetHistorian ([USER]) on Twitter using's RSS feed, I would type in

A Word to the Wise...

I have to warn you a little when I say that (chances are) your feed will become bloated rather quickly if you follow a lot of Twitter feeds and such. This is partly just due to the nature of the site, but I wanted to mention it. Obviously, not everyone on Twitter posts every day and such but it's worth keeping in mind. If you do it like I did, then you're gonna see real quick who you like on Twitter and who you don't.


It's true, YouTube still has RSS feeds, although you can't find them explicitly. You're gonna have to use another URL format.

Now, this method is a little more obtuse. When you are on a channel's homepage, you are going to want to look at the URL, and hopefully, you will see that URL prepended with or After that, you should see a string of alphanumeric characters. If the URL has channel in it, then it's a YouTube channel's Channel ID. If it has user in it, then it's a User ID. In order to make an RSS feed, we need the channel or user ID. Here's the format:[CHANNEL-ID][USER-ID]

If it wasn't completely obvious, you insert the repsective channel/user ID into the URL, and that's your RSS feed.

YouTube (via Invidious)

Invidious, much like Bibliogram and Nitter, is an alternative YouTube front-end that allows you to watch YouTube videos on an instance. However, it's rather buggy as of writing, and it isn't really better than just using YouTube's RSS feed outright, although it does offer it's own. If YouTube removes it's RSS functionality in the future (which is a decent possibility), then either this or using RSS-Bridge would probably be the next best thing.

Sorting YouTube Channels

Another thing worth noting is that these IDs (at least in a file), have no names outright associated with them, at least not in URL form. In a file with all these URLs, it can be hard to sort and know which channels are which (especially if you have a lot of them). I guess this applies more to Newsboat users like myself or if you have dedicated URL file for your reader, but I just wanted to spread the good and say sort these using tags or comments or whatever you can, cause I should have.


Finding a Feed in the Raw HTML Jungle

The Advanced Method to finding Feeds

If you can't find a feed outright on a site you think has it, (or even a site you don't,) then you can do a final test and pull up the Raw HTML. Essentially, this is the source code of the site, and I mentioned this in my previous article about RSS. If you aren't a techie person, don't worry. It's actually a lot more simple than you think!

Here's the steps in order:

  1. Go into a web browser and bring up the website of something you want to keep tabs on. It could be an official craft soda website, some random blog, or a software project you want to know more about.
  2. Press Ctrl+u on you keyboard. You should have a new tab open with Raw HTML code. If you are seeing a lot of angle-brackets (﹤﹥), then you are in the right place.
  3. Press Ctrl+f on your keyboard. This will give you a webpage search prompt. Try typing in the following words in the search bar:
    • rss
    • atom
    • xml
    • feed

If you come up short with any of these keywords, then chances are this website doesn't have RSS.


I hope you found this guide very helpful. If you did, consider subscribing to my RSS feed. I have more plans to further people's knowledge of RSS, but for now I'd say this about raps it up. I hope that RSS gives you more time to look at what you like, and less time getting distracted by things that don't matter as much.

Fri, 10 Sep 2021 00:40:30 -0500

The 5 W's of RSS and Atom

[linkstandalone] RSS Man


RSS (Really Simple Syndication) and Atom are both internet protocols designed to give you "feeds" from all sorts of different websites. This is very similar to the average social media feed you might see while scrolling down a social media app, except RSS/Atom need a "reader". A RSS reader just takes RSS/Atom links from websites, and then makes them easy to read and scroll through. Functionally, it's very similar to a blog, with each "post" having it's own seperate section with links, images, and the link. Here's an example of an RSS link, and an example of an atom link.

Now, if you try to go these links in your browser, chances are that you'll see a bunch of code you don't understand (in Firefox it looks a little different). If so, that's ok! RSS and Atom feeds use this code looking stuff (Extensible Markup Language(XML)) to make it look pretty inside your RSS reader, like shown below.

Liferea Wide View

That's a little cramped, but on a wide screen display if gives you lots of options to access all sorts of feeds at once. Not just blogs, but podcasts, storefronts, and even social media, all without an account!


made it? Well gee, I'm glad you asked. In short, RSS has it's roots in the early days of web syndication (I'm talking mid-1990's) where companies like Apple wanted to create ways to gain lots of information about other websites fast and conveniently. This eventually led into making the Meta Content Framework (MCF), which was Apple's attempt at this. Eventually, the co-creator of XML (the markup language I talked about earlier) decided to extend MCF into an XML application, which became a standard adopted by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). Microsoft made something similar, eventually this led to a protocol called the Resource Description Framework (RDF), and then the first beta version of RSS (also called RDF Site Summary) was born. Eventually, some guy made Atom which was designed to be a better RSS and blah blah blah...

Apple's Old Website c. 1997

As for who made it, it's hard to say. As for most programming projects (especially those that are open source), it's more of a community endeavor than anything else. It took the cooperation and adoption of tons of sites and companies to make it usuable in the first place, which is, ironically, something harder to find these days on the internet.


Back when Google was cool

RSS and Atom were at their peak in the mid 2000's. Back then, it was everywhere. RSS was used to check on forums, newsites, comments on newsites and forums, blogs, YouTube (they actually still have RSS functionality to this day), literally everything had that RSS logo slapped on their site somewhere. Even web browsers straight up just integrated them into the browser itself. Even torrenting software integrated RSS to let you automatically download the newest items on the RSS feed. The list goes on.

Then everything changed with Facebook and Twitter.

Those sites did have RSS feeds at first, but eventually they removed support. Eventually, very popular readers like Shiira, FeedDemon, and Google Reader (extremely popular) was discontinued in 2013 due to RSS declining in popularity. Eventually it was removed from all major browsers, leaving us with Internet Explorer as the most popular one to keep RSS support. Big win.


A Clockwork Orange

Well, sites that still promote RSS usually have that orange logo somewhere on their website, or just the logo. Actually, it's worth noting that most blog sites/older sites have RSS built-in to the website, even if it's not actively promoted. I can't tell you how many times I haven't seen RSS for a site I wanted to follow, only to press Ctrl+u, then press Ctrl+f and type in "rss", "xml", or "atom" and then find a link for an RSS URL (that's actually the method I use with the atom link example I used up above).

An Atom link in the thick of the HTML jungle


Well that's just the million dollar question ain't it?

Let me be clear; I do not like social media. I find it to be insanely manipulative and built to be addicting and take advantage of human vice. That may sound pretty dark to some of you, but after what I saw on Twitter last year, I can't think of it any other way. Everytime I see someone log onto to YouTube on their phone to watch just one video, then it always lead to another, and another, and another, and then thirty minutes have gone by.

However, I am aware of the talent, artistry, and wisdom that appears on some of those platforms. While I wish they were not on them, Many people who would not like to use social media actively would still like to keep up with their favorite personalities, artists, etc. This is where something like RSS comes into play.

RSS doesn't require an account to get started. It doesn't have some weird algorithm that decides what you get to see, and it's not gonna collect your personal data to some centralized server, because there is no centralized server you are reporting to, and no relevant data to give. While not intentionally built as such, it's something that respects your privacy and your desire to actually see and view what you want without ads or website bloat slowing down your browser or anything like that. It offers freedom. That's why you should use it.

it's really simple


Sorry, that's not a part of the 5 W's! However, I have a guide that may solve that question perfectly for you...

Additional Reading

Fri, 10 Sep 2021 00:40:29 -0500

Website Changes and an Addendum to Dangers of DRM


As you might have seen from last time, I've made some changes to this website, mainly the fact that I actually updated the homepage and such. I know have put links to my Odysee, YouTube, blog, and rss feed up there for everyone to see. Also, I actually made this website look nice.

In addition, I also added a webring to this site, courtesy of the fellow anons on LainChan so be sure to check that out if you'd like. They have good website taste and I'd like to encourage a less-bloated internet experience for all, and also promote some guys who deserve it.

In addition to that, I also made an addendum to my DRM video going over some extra research and points I found during the production of that video. Namely some alternate solutions and food for thought I didn't mention last time. Overall, I want the main takeaway to be that bad DRM practices reduce artists' incentive to create and that if there's going to be DRM moving forward, then it needs to respect user privacy and be sensible solution. I specifically cited Jacob Smith's article on the subject because he's the only one I've come across online that proposes something that can be considered a decent middle ground and more sustainable than the current online-only, install spyware approach that most companies do nowadays.

Anyways, I plan to do lots more videos, some in this vain, some not. I'd like to go over image magick and ffmpeg one of these days for basic video editing/image editing techniques (might make some bash scripts for those), a normie's guide to RSS and probably some game stuff as well. Not something dumb like basic run-of-the-mill review stuff; probably video essay things or observations about the industry, over maybe just observations about the entertainment industry in general. I seek to be profound in what I do, should I do a more long-form video essay like that. Hopefully stutter less and trim the fat and make something really thought-provoking. That, and/or have some fun here and there.

Also, I wanna set up a PayPal of sorts or some non-crypto donation method sometime in the future to (namely) help get better equipment (all FOSS of course), and do better, cooler stuff. We'll see how that goes.

That's pretty much all for now, hopefully more and better things to come, so stay tuned.

Fri, 10 Sep 2021 00:38:57 -0500

This Not a Conspiracy (A Documentary Review)


I don't believe I've mentioned it before, but I am quite the fan of Kirby Ferguson's work. For those of you who don't know, Mr. Ferguson is a filmmaker of sorts who made this great mini-series back in the early 2010's called Everything is a Remix.. In this series, he basically explains how art, and to a larger extent thought itself is memetic. We take ideas that are established and copy, combine, and transform them. It's all for free on his youtube channel. Overall I was impressed with his profundity and expert editing, so I was relatively excited when I learned he had a new series he made, titled This is Not a Conspiracy.

The Big Picture

This is Not a Conspiracy Image

In a nutshell, This is Not a Conspiracy talks about how thought patterns from The Enlightenment thinkers of early America shaped most of the conspiratorial thought going forward in the nation, including in the country's roots. They believed that intention defined human events as the reason why things happen (hence the oft repeated phrase "Cui bono?"). This thinking, while critical, is often unnecessary and overexaggerated to a point where Occam's Razor is typically a more sensible option. Human problems and systems are complex. You might be able to explain how things rotate around a floating plasma ball but predicting human events is an insanely more difficult task, due to the dynamicness of human beings. There are simply too many variables to come to a sensible conclusion. In time, these theories are debunked, pruned, and ultimately shelved. Not to say there aren't conspiratorial forces in this world, but not all human events can be controlled by a proverbial puppet master.

Now that I've summarized pretty much the entire thing, let me just say that the film itself


This is going to be more of a video editing review so bear with me.

I was genuinely shocked by how little of the video footage pertained to what Ferguson was actually talking about. It tended to use a large amount of stock footage, and while there were clips from films, serializations, and video games (only two by my count), they were never used really cleverly with interesting transitions and added visual aid. Most of the visuals came off as generic filler used to pad out what Ferguson was saying, which is really a shame because he presents a lot of good ideas. However, the visuals just make it more unegaging and I found myself tuning out several times throughout this 2 hour slog. It's the only series I think I've seen recently that I'd call "overedited". Too much random visual information to maintain a solid focus. I can think of a handful of editors that can engage people properly but even people like Luke Smith can create entertaining slideshow-esque presentations if you just show relevant, engaging images that pertain and enhance what you are talking about. Heck, I used that exact style for my first video ever and I received some complements on visuals, despite the simplicity.

Overall, I was insanely disappointed by how amateurish the editing and visuals felt, along with audio, which also lacked any flair and consisted of stock sounds and music as well. Now, the topics were actually genuinely well researched, but I feel are somewhat inconsequential to the main message, which is that conspiratorial thinking is an inefficient and inaccurate way to view to world for what it really is; a network of complex systems. I literally gave you a summary up there that more than suffices. I even mentioned Luke Smith earlier, who literally made an article about this very topic a while ago. His article is honestly a lot better than this documentary if you are interested.

Speaking of which, this documentary series costs money on top of that. I think I paid $40 for a blu-ray copy. I admit I was suckered in. It only arrived recently (I assume the pandemic did something to shipping). Mr. Ferguson even sent me a note with the order.

I don't think Mr. Ferguson is even a fraud or anything. In the right context his is incredibly profound. I just don't like this series in particular. If you haven't already, go watch Everything is a Remix. If you have, you aren't missing out on much over here.

Wed, 07 Jul 2021 23:47:09 -0500

Site Update 7/6/2021


For any who are interested, you've probably been wondering why this blog has been dead beyond comparision. Simply put, I've been rather focused on summer activities (and my job) that the time dedicated to my website and channel has become a very secondary thing. I'm still in "the game", I just had to take a sabbotical, more or less.

Anyways, as I'm typing this from a deck in a backyard I just figured I'd start talking more here and get to work on another video project. That's more or less it.

Although I will say for anyone who's trying to contact me from email, I've been getting an SSL error for my domain that says the certificate has expired (despite the fact I have certbot renew it automatically), so if you do (or don't) know something about that, I can be contacted on Matrix. I'll update that info on my contacts page (if it isn't there already).

Wed, 07 Jul 2021 23:29:36 -0500

First Blog Post


One of the first things I wanted to try when I started this website was to develop a blog. Now, I have one.

Honestly, I'm not exactly sure how much I'm going to use this, but it's really nice to have as an option. Now I don't have to worry about an abritrary ban on someplace, not that I'm particularly extreme (or at least I don't think so). It's all my own. It's a nice feeling.

Anyways I stole this blog system from Luke Smith (you can check out his git repository for it) so check him out if you're interested. Actually, check him out even if you aren't interested. He's pretty cool.

As this site continues to develop and I have more ideas I'll post more and have more things to say. I'm also setting up ways of monetization in order to further expand my efforts; hopefully to gain better equipment, hire editors for projects, make sure I don't starve, etc. Right now I have crypto wallets set up but I'll have more in the future.

Also if you haven't seen it already check out my first upload about DRM. I'm going to be making an addendum to that video fixing some mistakes and mentioning other things and new research I found. The future won't be all DRM stuff; I'm have lots of ideas, but for now tech is really the main interest. I'm rather fond of video games and entertainment in general as well. I actually have a backloggery showing all the games I've played if you're interested.

That's all for now. I have a lot to set up so please be patient. Here are some ideas for the near future:

I hope to do some amazing stuff in the future. Maybe change the world for the better. But for now, I start here in this blog post.

Actually now that I think about it, I could write some short stories with this blog. That would be fun.

Tue, 16 Mar 2021 00:42:47 -0500